Sofer, Moses (1762–1839). Also known as the Hatam Sofer. He served a community in Hungary and was the most important traditional Jewish scholar in central Europe for the first four decades of the 19th century. Although more flexible in practice, Sofer expressed scorn for the Reform movement and its adherents. He promoted the notion that any innovation was forbidden and that Jews should be particularly careful to retain cultural aspects of their identity, including traditional names, the use of Yiddish, and distinctive garb. Sofer became the figurehead for later generations of Jews who became known as Ultra-Orthodox and are particularly incensed by the acculturation of the Modern Orthodox.
Courtesy: Professor Shai Cherry