Leibowitz, Yeshayahu (1903–1994). One of the most controversial figures in Israel until his death. Although deeply committed to halachah, he nevertheless felt that Jewish law had to adapt to the new reality of a Jewish state. Leibowitz considered himself to be a disciple of Maimonides and the rationalism that the latter represented. On the question of chosenness, Leibowitz denies that the Jews were chosen. He reconceptualizes the traditional notion by arguing that Jews were commanded to be the chosen people, and the Jews may or may not respond to that divine demand. But, for Leibowitz, as for all Jewish rationalists, there is no intrinsic difference between Jews and Gentiles.
Courtesy: Professor Shai Cherry