Hirsch, Samson Raphael (1808–1888). Considered to be the father of Modern (or Neo-) Orthodoxy. He was a staunch opponent of Reform and its acceptance of biblical criticism. Hirsch advocated certain “external” reforms dealing with dress, language, and even education, but he was steadfast in his opposition to halachic change. Although he could not tolerate changes to the traditional liturgy calling for the reestablishment of a Jewish state, he did believe that one should demonstrate patriotism toward the country of one’s citizenship. Hirsch opened the first Jewish day school in 1853 that combined Jewish and secular studies.
Courtesy: Professor Shai Cherry