Search This Blog

01279--Write a short note on Rabbinic literature.


Rabbinic literature is divided into three parts.  They are: Mishnah, Gemara and Talmud and Midrash.

   A. Mishnah
      
Codex of Jewish Law (halachah) compiled by Judah the Prince circa 220 C.E. (Mishnah is Hebrew for “learning.”)  The laws of the Mishnah are arranged conceptually, unlike the appearance of the laws throughout the Torah. Mishnah is “unjustified” law in that it does not bring biblical verses to justify the laws.  The Mishnah preserves minority opinions and dissenting opinions and includes a few stories to illustrate the points of law.  Avot, a non-legal (aggadah) tractate was appended to the Mishnah. The introduction presents the Oral Torah as authoritative because it derives from the same source as the Written Torah.

B. Gemara and Talmud
   
The Gemara begins by analyzing the Mishnah but then flows in an associative way to additional halachah and aggadah. (Gemara means “learning” in Aramaic.) One frequent question that the Gemara asks about the Mishnah is: From where does this law come? The Mishnah plus the Gemara make up the Talmud. (Talmud is yet another Hebrew word for “learning.”)  There are two Gemaras. One was composed and compiled in the Land of Israel around the year 450 and, together with the Mishnah, is called the Jerusalem Talmud (y.). The more authoritative Talmud is  from Babylon (b.) and was edited around 550.   There is much, much more Gemara than Mishnah.

C. Midrash.
  
The word midrash means “to seek or inquire.” Rebecca drashed God (Gen. 25:22), and the Rabbis drash God’s word.  A midrash is an idea linked to a biblical verse.  Midrashic compilations are usually categorized as either halachic or aggadic. The earliest halachic compilations come from the Land of Israel in the 3rd century. The aggadic compilations also com from the Land of Israel but are dated to the 5th century.  Midrashic compilations are arranged according to the biblical verses on which they comment.

[Courtesy : Professor Shai Cherry]

Labels

A. S. Byatt (1) Addison (5) ADJECTIVES (2) ADVERBS (1) Aeschylus (1) Agatha Christie (1) Agora (3) American Literature (6) Ann Radcliffe (3) Anthony Powell (1) Anton Chekhov (1) APJ KALAM (1) Arianism (1) Aristotle (10) Athens (1) Avinash Jha (1) Bacon (2) Bakhtin Mikhail (3) Barthes (8) Becket (1) Ben Jonson (9) Bernard Shaw (4) BERTRAND RUSSEL (1) biography (1) Blake (1) Blogger's Corner (4) BOOK REVIEW (3) Books (3) Boswell (1) Brahman (1) Byzantium (1) CELTA (4) Charles Dickens (1) Charles Lamb (3) Charlotte Brontë (1) Chaucer (1) Coleridge (12) COMMUNICATION SKILLS (5) Confucius (1) Critical Thinking (4) Cultural Materialism (1) Daffodils (1) Deconstruction (4) Derrida (3) Doctor Faustus (5) documentary (10) Dr.Johnson (8) Drama (21) Dryden (14) E. M. Forster (1) Ecofeminism (1) Edmund Burke (1) EDWARD SAID (1) elegy (1) Emily Brontë (1) English Lit. Drama (24) English Lit. Essays (6) English Lit.Poetry (217) essays (1) Ethics (5) Evelyn Waugh (1) F.R Lewis (4) facts (1) FALLACY (1) Fanny Burney (1) Feminist criticism (10) Fielding (1) Ford Madox Ford (1) Frances Burney (3) Frantz Fanon (2) FREDRIC JAMESON (1) Freud (3) GADAMER (1) GAYATRI SPIVAK (1) General (4) GENETTE (1) GEORG LUKÁCS (1) George Eliot (1) GILLES DELEUZE (1) Gosson (1) Graham Greene (1) GRAMMAR (89) gramsci (1) Greek Mythology (17) GREENBLATT (1) HAROLD BLOOM (1) Harold Pinter (1) Hemmingway (2) Henry Fielding (1) Henry Green (1) Henry James (2) Hillis Miller (2) History (30) Holes (6) HOMI K. BHABHA (1) Hone Tuwhare (1) Horace (3) I.A.Richards (6) Ian McEwan (1) Indian linguistics (1) Indian Philosophy (8) Indian Writing in English (2) Iris Murdoch (1) Isms (3) James Joyce (1) Jane Austen (5) John Bunyan (2) John Clare (1) john Donne (1) John Osborne (1) John Rawls (1) Joseph Conrad (1) Journalism (1) Judaism (57) Kant (1) Keats (1) KERALA PSC/UPSC/BANK CLERK-PO/IFC English Grammar Exercise (85) Knut Hamsun (1) Kristeva (2) Lacan (3) Laurence Sterne (2) LINDA HUTCHEON (1) linguistics (4) linking phrases (1) linking words (1) LIONEL TRILLING (1) Literary criticism (194) literary terms (285) LOGIC (13) Longinus (4) Louis Sachar (6) LUCE IRIGARAY (1) lyric (1) Margaret Drabble (1) Marlowe (4) Martin Luther King Jr. (1) Marxist criticism (3) Mass Communication (1) Matthew Arnold (13) METAPHORS (1) MH Abram (2) Michael Drayton (1) MICHEL FOUCAULT (1) Milton (4) Modernism (1) Monroe C.Beardsley (2) Moses (1) Mulla Nasrudin Stories (224) Muses (1) MY POEMS (17) Nachmanides (1) Narratology (1) New Criticism (2) Noel Coward (1) NORTHROP FRYE (1) Norwegian Literature (1) Novel (44) O'Brien (1) Objective Types (8) Oscar Wilde (2) OSHO TALES (3) Panini (1) Parthenon (1) Pat Barker (1) PAUL DE MAN (1) PAUL RICOEUR (1) Pericles (2) Petrarch (1) PHILOSOPHY (4) PHOTOS (58) PIERRE FÉLIX GUATTARI (1) Plato (7) Poetry (24) Pope (5) Post-Colonial Reading (2) Postcolonialism (3) Postmodernism (5) poststructuralism (8) Prepositions (4) Prometheus Bound (1) Psychoanalytic criticism (4) Psychology (3) PYTHAGORAS (1) QUEER THEORY (1) Quotes-Quotes (8) Religion (1) Richardson (1) Robert Frost (7) ROMAN OSIPOVISCH JAKOBSON (1) Romantic criticism (20) Ruskin (1) SAKI (1) Salman Rushdie (1) Samuel Daniel (1) Samuel Pepys (1) Samuel Richardson (2) SANDRA GILBERT (1) SAT (2) Saussure (12) SCAM (1) Seamus Heaney (1) Shakespeare (158) Shelley (2) SHORT STORY (2) Showalter (9) Sidney (5) SIMONE DE BEAUVOIR (1) Sir Arthur Evans (1) Sir Walter Scott (3) SLAVOJ ZIZEK (1) SONNETS (159) Sophocles (1) spenser (3) St.Augustine (6) STANLEY FISH (1) structuralism (14) Sunitha Krishnan (1) Surrealism (2) SUSAN GUBAR (1) Sydney (3) T.S.Eliot (12) TED TALK (10) Tennesse Williams (1) Tennyson (1) TERRY EAGLETON (1) The Big Bang Theory (3) Thomas Gray (1) Thomas Hardy (1) Titan (1) Torah (1) tragedy (2) UGC-NET (10) Upanisads (1) Vedas (1) video (34) Virginia Woolf (2) Vocabulary test (228) W.B. Yeats (1) W.K.Wimsatt (2) WALTER BENJAMIN (1) Walter Pater (2) Willam Caxton (1) William Empson (2) William Makepeace Thackeray (2) WOLFGANG ISER (1) Wordsworth (15) writers (1) writing skill (1) Zadie Smith (1) ആത്മീയത (1) എന്‍റെ കഥകള്‍ (5) കഥ (62) കാറുകൾ (1) തത്വചിന്ത (14) ബ്ലോഗ്ഗര്‍ എഴുതുന്നു (7) ഭഗവത്‌ഗീതാ ധ്യാനം (1) മുല്ലാ നസറുദ്ദീൻ (53) സാഹിത്യ ലോകം (1)