01295-- Write a short note on Shabbatai Tzvi (1626–1676).
Tzvi was a
charismatic leader who proclaimed himself mashiach in 1665 through his
“prophet,” Nathan of Gaza.His teachings
combined elements of Jewish mysticism, the call to penance, and violations of
halachah. Some Jews sold their possessions and made their way to the Land of
Israel. The sultan of
Turkey became alarmed at this messianic fervor. Tzvi was arrested and given the
choice of conversion to Islam or death. He converted in 1666.