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01035--Paninian Grammar Question Answers



Paninian Grammar Question Answers




1.  Match A with B
                   A                                                                 B
1.  Ashtadhyayi
A.  interpretive rules
2.  Dhatupatha
B.  restriction rules
3.  Sivasutras
C.  2000 verbal roots
4.  Ganapatha
D.  operation rules
5.  Samjna
E.  3,959 rules
6.  paribhasa
F.  the inventory of classes of lexical items idiosyncratically subject to various rules
7.  vidhi
G.  technical rules
8.  niyama
H.  the inventory of phonological segments


2.  Fill in the blanks with appropriate words.


a.  ini's comprehensive and scientific theory of grammar is conventionally taken to mark the end of the period of ........., by definition introducing ............... .
b.  Paninian grammar is based on the ............... language.
c.  ................. are  the rules which counter an otherwise positive provision of a given rule.
d. ............... rules form the core of the Paninian grammar.


3.  Match A with B

1.  atidesa
a.  optional rule
2.  vibbasa
b.  heading rules
3.  nipatana
c.  extension rules
4.  adhikara
d.  ad hoc rules


4.  Fill in the blanks with appropriate words given in the box below:


1. Anga domain (AD), 2.  Pada domain (PD), 3.  Controlling domain (CD),  4.  Obligatory domain (OD)
 
 



          Division of Paninian Rules in Astadhyayi

Panini presents his rules in sets or blocks in such a way that a larger set contains one or more smaller sets.  Larger sets can be called domains.  ............ (a) is the first book of grammar which contains definitional and interpretational rules in general.  ........... (b)consists rules contained in the third, fourth and fifth books.  ............. (c) consists rules contained within the last quarter of book six and the entire seventh book.  ........... (d) covers rules contained within the first three quarters of book eight.

5.  Fill in the blanks:

Operational rules are the workhorses of Paninian system.  They carry out 5 types of operations.  They are:  1.  ............ (Pratyaya), 2. addition (...........), 3. ........... (adesa),  4. modification (.........), and, 5. ................ (lopa).





Answer key:
1. 1-E, 2-C, 3-H, 4-F, 5-G, 6-A, 7-D, 8-B

2.  a. Vedic Sanskrit, Classical Sanskrit, b. spoken language/bhasa,
          c.  Pratisedha/negation rules, d.  Operation/Vidhi

3.  1-c, 2-a, 3-d, 4-b

4.  a-3, b-4, c-1, d-2

5.  1.placement, 2. agama, 3.replacement, 4. vikara, and, 5. deletion.









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