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1.  Match A with B.
                        A                                                                     B
1.  libel
a.  the world's largest independent news agency
2.  advocacy journalism
b.  streamer
3.  AP
c.  started in London in 1851
4.  beat reporting
d.  the writer's name
5. banner
e.  a published false statement that is damaging to a persons reputation.
6.  Reuters
f.  journalists openly and intentionally take sides on issues amd express their opinion in reporting.
7.  blog
g.  a caption for a photograph
8.  byline
h.  A specialist area of journalism that a reporter regularly covers, such as police or health.
9.  blockline
i.  limitation on the earliest time when a news item given to a journalist can be published or broadcast
10. embargo
j.  short form for web log

2.   Fill in the blanks of the following statements.
            A.  ...................... is a written or recorded communication, directed at members of the news media, for the purpose of announcing something, claimed as having news value. 
            B.  ................... is made to main sources of breaking news like police station, ministries and coast guard for hunting a story that is happening right now such as an armed robbery, fire, or air crash.
            C.  A kind of diary or register in which information about coming important events to be covered are logged in is called ....................
            D.  When news organizations are requested not to report the story until a specified time it is called ...................
            E.  .................... is an organization of journalists established to supply news reports to organizations, news papers, magazines, and Radio and TV channels.
            F.  ............... is a media event in which news maker invites journalists to hear him speak and most often , ask questions. 
            G.  A media event at which no statements are made, and no questions allowed, is called a ......................

3.  Match A with B
                        A                                                                     B
1.  editorial page
a.  reporting based on sex, murder, self-promotion, and human-interest stories
2.  exclusive
b.  tabloids and photographs
3.  human interest story
c.  scoop
4.  yellow journalism
d.  solid facts
5.  Jazz journalism
f.  background information
6.  hard news
g.  opinion page
7.  soft news
h.  a short 'about' section providing, providing the background on the issuing company, organization or idividual.
8.  Boiler plate
i.  feature story that discusses a person or people in an emotional way

4.  Write the full form of the following:
a. UPI                          b.  PTI                         c.  POV                       d.  PDA           e.  OOV
f.  OB                          g.  NUJ                        h.  NIB                                    i.  NCTJ           j.  ITN
k.  EFP/EJ/ENG           l.  DRB                       m.  CMS                      n.  BBC           o.  BARB
p.  AP                          q.  ABC                       r.  AAP                        s.  PPA            t.  AFP

5.  Fill in the blanks using the words given below:

a. Europe             b.  20th Century                c.  Germany       
d.  1600s               e.  the printing press      f. 1400s

                                       Journalism was first conceived during the ...... (1) in Italy and ........(2), when people started chronicling daily events to disseminate the information.  It was popularised throughout .......(3) in the ...........(4)when ............(5) was invented.  By the dawn of .............(6)Journalism spread worldwide and became a profession.


1)1-e,  2-f, 3-a, 4-h, 5-b, 6-c, 7-j, 8-d, 9-g, 10-i

2) A.  News/Press Release,   B.  Check Call,  C.  News Room Diary,   D.  Embargoed News Release,   E.  News Agency,  F.  News Conference/Press Conference,  G.  Photo Opportunity

3)  1-g, 2-c, 3-i, 4-a, 5-b, 6-d, 7-f,

4) a. United Press International  (news agency, launched in the USA in 1907)
 b.  Press Trust of India.  The largest news agency in India, run as a not-for-profit cooperative providing and exchanging news in Hindi and English among more than 450news papers.  It also provides a satellite news service.
 c.  point of view
   d. Personal Digital Assistant (a small hand-held computer combining a mobile phone, organiser and software to connect to the Internet)
 e.  out of vision.  In television, when a person’s voice is heard, either over the end sequence of a program - such as the credits - or while showing pictures or graphics on-screen. See also float.

    f.  Short for outside broadcast. Radio or television programs broadcast from a location outside the studios, usually live, using an OB van or OB truck.

     g.  The National Union of Journalists is a British trade union and professional organisation for journalists.

     h.  news in brief.  Also punctuated as news-in-brief, a collection of short stories or a single story presented in one or two short paragraphs. In print or on a web page, NIBs may appear in a small box or a specific column at the side or bottom of a page. In broadcasting, they may either be a brief insert into other programming or be presented as a block of short stories within a bulletin. Collectively they may also be known aswraps, round-ups or news belts.

 i.  The National Council for Training of Journalists is the official UK industry accreditation board for journalism courses.

   j.  Independent Television News: The main supplier of news to independent television companies in Britain.

 k.  Electronic field production, electronic journalism and electronic news gathering. Television news gathering which replaced film couriered back to the newsroom with electronic methods such as video and microwave links to the studio.

  l.  digital radio broadcasting.  Also called digital audio broadcasting (DAB), a method of transmitting radio signals in data streams giving a much higher quality than the old analogue system and allowing more programming channels within the same amount of spectrum. Special radio receivers are required.

  m.  content management system: A program for creating, editing and publishing content such as text, images, audio files and videos on Web sites.

n.  British Broadcasting Corporation, Britain’s national broadcaster.

o.  Broadcasters' Audience Research Board, which compiles television ratings(viewer) statistics in the United Kingdom.

p.  Associated Press, the world’s largest independent news agency supplying news services for a fee to media around the world.

q.  (1) Audit Bureaux of Circulations, industry-owned companies which audit (and verify) print media circulation figures. The ABCe (Audit Bureau of Circulations Electronic) audits traffic figures for online publications. Also: (2) Australian Broadcasting Corporation, (3) the American Broadcasting Company, (4) the Asahi Broadcasting Corporation (Japan) and (5) the Associated Broadcasting Company (Philippines).

r.  Australian Associated Press, an industry-owned, Australian-based agency supplying news for a fee to the media.

s.  Periodical Publishers Association: An organisation representing British magazine publishers.

t.  Agence France-Presse, French cooperative news agency, one of the world’s great wire news services. It is based in Paris, where it was founded under its current name in 1944, but its roots go to the Bureau Havas, which was created in 1832 by Charles-Louis Havas, who translated reports from foreign papers and distributed them to Paris and provincial newspapers.

5)  1. 1400s, 2.  Germany, 3.  Europe, 4. 1600s, 5.the printing press, 6.  20th century



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