Write a short note on The Fabian Society and Bernard Shaw.
The Fabian Society, which Shaw helped to found in 1884, was a group of intellectuals who saw socialist reform as the appropriate solution to society’s problems.
Although Shaw was a socialist, he and the members of the Fabian Society did reject several of Marx’s theories: the idea of the historical inevitability of socialism’s success; the need for violent revolution; and the inherent moral rectitude of the lower classes.
The Fabian Society believed in two areas of equality: equal income (the end of “slave wages”), so that all citizens would be in a position to make decisions about their lives; and equal work, to abolish the practice of some people working fourteen-hour days while wealthy heirs and heiresses stood idle.
Shaw’s moral theories paralleled his economic theories. Victorian “myths” of the stable nuclear family and lifelong affectionate marriages were outdated and constricting; children should not be bound in duty to their parents, or the parents to one another, if these individuals are not truly fulfilled by these bonds.
Those who seek to perpetuate these rigid codes are clinging to “angry idealism” and preventing individuals from living freely and happily. The Fabian Society, which Shaw helped to found in 1884, was a group of intellectuals who saw socialist reform as the appropriate solution to society’s problems.